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Australia is a country located in the southern hemisphere, the smallest continent of the world.

Capital : Canberra
Language :  English
Currency :  Australian dollar
Population : 24 274 700
Area : 7 692 024  km2

Australia map

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Australia facts

Facts automatically translated into English from the poznajnieznane.pl and paczka-wiedzy.pl page. I'm sorry for all the mistakes.


1. The change from summer to winter time (moving clockwise back one hour) is on the first Sunday of April.

2. A human body scanner has been introduced in major Australian airports since 2013. Checks are carried out on randomly selected passengers.

3. 30% of fatal accidents were caused by people under the influence of alcohol.

4. This country has more than 17,181,000 motor vehicles (716 vehicles per 1,000 inhabitants).

5. There are 32 “skyscrapers” in Melbourne (buildings over 150 meters high).

6. There are a lot of poisonous spiders in this country. Despite this, since 1981 no one has died from their bite.

7. One of the episodes of the world-famous fairy tale “Peppa Pig” was not broadcast in Australia because the pig was playing with a friend spider. It was feared that children would not have the proper respect for very dangerous Australian spiders.

8. Over the past 10 years, most people in Australia have been killed by horses, ponies, donkeys, cows, bulls, and dogs (127 people killed in 254 of all cases).

9. Over the past 10 years, kangaroos have killed more than sharks (18 – kangaroos, 16 – sharks).

10. Although there are a lot of venomous snakes in Australia, they have “killed” only 14 people in the last 10 years.

11. In 2015, up to 30% of fatal accidents were caused by people driving under the influence of alcohol.

12. The national top-level domain is .au . There are over 2,546 700 websites with this extension.

13. The most popular pages with the .au extension are google.com.au, ebay.com.au and news.com.au.

14. In 1859, 24 rabbits were released in Australia, which reproduced so quickly that they now cover an area of ​​over 4 million km2.

15. On Sydney’s Quarantine Beach, hired snipers are guarding a group of small penguins against dog and fox attacks.

16. Teenager Corey Delaney invited friends from MySpace to his home. He did not expect more than 500 people to come. Damage caused during the house party was estimated at over USD 20,000.

17. In Australia, Burger King is known as Hungry Jack’s.

18. Australian Don Ritchie was awarded the Order of Australia medal for saving his life in 45 years, over 160 potential suicides. He lived close to the cliff, and as he saw desperate people standing at the edge of it, he invited them for tea and talked them away from them.

19. If all people living on Earth were to be placed on the continent of Australia, then for every person there would be over 1 020 m2. The population density would be around 975 people per km2.

20. The wingspan of the Hercules moth, which can be found in Australia, reaches 30 cm.

21. Over 140 species of snakes live in this country.

22. The FSM Niki is reminiscent of the Fiat 126p, it was the cheapest car available on the Australian market in 1989-1993.

23. 25% of Australians were born outside Australia.

24. Australian Leanne Rowe, who has never been to France after a car accident, began to speak with a strong French accent.

25. The Easter rabbit is replaced by a rabbit-like marsupial called Bilby. In Australia, rabbits are not associated with the great losses they have caused.

26. Billionaire Clive Palmar is building a replica of the Titanic. The cost will be over a billion dollars.

27. In this country there are more than 823 217 km of paved roads, including more than 3,132 km of express roads (1.28% of all roads in the world).

28. The country has 480 airports, 349 with paved surface.

29. In this country there are more than 38 445 km of railway tracks.

30. Red bananas called Red Dacca are popular in Australia.

31. In Western Australia in 2018, more than 150 whales from the Globicephala family (7 m long) have run aground. Unfortunately, only 10 of them were saved. The mystery is why the whales affected the shoal.

32. Precious stones can be bought at vending machines.

33. The average speed of fixed-line internet is 7.8 Mb / s and the maximum 41.9 Mb / s (data from the end of 2015).

34. Terra australis incognita is the Latin term from which Australia is derived. It means – an unknown southern country.

35. Full name of the country – Australian Union.

36. In Australia, due to the large distances between cities, to make goods transport more efficient, “road trains” are created – trucks that pull up to 12 trailers.

37. There are over half a million wild camels in Australia. They are sold to Saudi Arabia.

38. Since September 2017, water drones have been patrolling selected quays of Australian beaches detecting and warning of sharks.

39. In 2011, six bull sharks, which can live in fresh water, entered the golf course flooded during the flood.

40. In this country there is the Royal Flying Doctor Service, known as the air ambulance service, providing medical assistance to a person living hundreds of kilometers from large cities.

41. The name of the city of Canberra was chosen after a public competition. Other proposed names were: Emire City, Democratia, Australamooloo, Kangaremu.

42. There are 147 pubs in Melbourne.


Geography in Australia

geography graphics

1. In Coober Pedy, people live in underground caves.

2. In 1869, the largest lump of gold weighing over 71 kg was found in Moliagul.

3. It is an island country, no land borders.

4. The city of Perth built in the desert is 322 km from the nearest, larger population of people.

5. Camberra was founded in 1908 mainly to become the capital of Australia. This was to reconcile the two largest cities of Sydney and Melbourne, which had been fighting for this honorable function for many years.

6. White Cliffs is a settlement inhabited by about 200 people, located underground in an abandoned opal mine.

7. On the island of North Stradbroke there is a lake called “Bathing God”. According to research, it has not changed in the last 7,500 years.

8. In 1869, the largest lump of gold weighing 71 kg was found in Moliagul.

9. In Tasmani is one of the cleanest waters in the world. During the Seoul Olympic Games, 5 tons of water was transported to provide healthy drinking water for athletes. There is also very clean air.

10. The lowest point in the country is Lake Eyre – 15 m.p.p.

11. Mount Townsend turned out to be higher than Kosciuszko Mountain, so in the nineteenth century it was decided to change their names, so that Kosciuszko Mountain would continue to be the highest peak of Australia.

12. There is a tradition that every person climbing Mount Townsend takes the stone from the foot and puts it on the top so that the mountain becomes higher than Mount Kosciuszko. It will take some time because the difference is now 19 meters.

13. Australia is moving by 7 cm per year north through tectonic plate movements.

14. Olgas (aka Kata Tjuta) – 36 spherical rock hills located in central Australia. Weathered hills formed of reddish conglomerates are found on the desert plain north of the Musgrave Mountains. Once these stone monoliths (the highest with a height of 546 m) were a sacred place of Aborigines.

15. The symbol of the city of Sydney is the original shape of an opera built in 1973. The roof resembles sails of ships.

16. The highest peak of Mt. Kościuszko, 2228 m above sea level

17. The longest Murray River, 2,575 km.

18. The country is 25 times bigger than Poland.

19. In Australia there are 4100000 km2 of agricultural land (54% of the country).

20. The highest located town in the country is Cabramurra.

21. 1630000 km2 of the country is covered by forests (21.4%)

22. Australia is the smallest, most flat and driest inhabited continent in the world.

23. The Great Barrier Reef, which runs along the Queensland coast, is 2,300 km long and is the largest coral building in the world.

24. The intense rains that fell in Australia in 2010-2011, soaking in dry soil, led to a reduction of the all-ocean level by 1 cm.

25. There are over 10,000 beaches in Australia.

26. The longest volcanic chain in the world, more than 2,000 kilometers, was discovered along eastern Australia.

27. Lago Rosa is a salt lake that has an amazing pink color.

179. The closest capital in a straight line from Canberra is Wellington (New Zealand) – 2327 km.

180. The furthest capital city in a straight line from Canberra is Lisbon (Portugal) – 18050 km.


Finance in Australia

finances graphics

1. The minimum wage is Australian $ 656.9 per week, and Australian $ 17.29 per hour (2015 data).

2. The amount of income tax in Australia is 28.5% – 30%.

3. In this country, the amount of income tax for individuals is 45%, and for companies 30% (2018).

4. The tax on goods and services is 10% (2018).

5. The level of inflation in 2018 is 2.1%.

6. Australian economy loses about 6.2 billion dollars annually due to reduced employee productivity due to the high temperatures prevailing in the country.

7. Gross domestic product (GDP) …
– in 2015 it is $ 1 534 600 000 000 (6 568 088 000 000 PLN),
– in 2018 it is $ 1,323,000,000,000 (PLN 5,662,440,000,000).

8. Internal debt at the beginning of …
2015 year was 33.9% of GDP, which is about: $ 520 229 400,000 ,
2018 year was 41.9% of GDP, which is about: $ 554 337 000 000 . To pay it back, each citizen would have to give around $ 23,991.

9. At the beginning of 2015 , foreign debt was around: $ 1 395 638 000 000 .

10. The percentage share in the global economy of Australia in 2015 is 1.93% (for comparison, Poland’s share is 0.74%, and the United States – 23.32%).

11. This country has 2018 over year $58 676 000 000 in foreign exchange reserves (0.39% of foreign exchange reserves of all countries of the world).

12. The amount of gold reserves in …
2015 was 79 900 kg ,
2018 of the year is 72800 kg


Law in Australia

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1. Zero tolerance for drivers driving a car “by glass”. You must have 0.0 promil.

2. Built-up area allowed speed depending on the area varies from 50 to 60 km / h.

3. In addition to built-up areas, the permitted speed on the normal road varies from 100 to 110 km / h, and on highways 130 km / h.

4. There is no speed limit on the stretch of Stuart Highway between the cities of Alice Springs and Barrow Cerek.

5. Men and women can retire at the age of 65.

6. In this country, the amount of income tax for individuals is 45%, and for companies 30% (2018).

7. The tax on goods and services is 10% (2018).

8. In Australia pornography is forbidden in women who have small breasts because they may look underage.

9. Under Australian law, surfers can not go whales closer than 100 meters.

10. Queensland is the only state in Australia to ban rabbits. A fine of up to $45,500. Permission was granted to only 34 people who professionally deal with magic tricks so that they can pull rabbits out of their hat.

11. In this country, men and women can get married at the age of 18.

12. The minimum wage depends on the profession and the employee’s age.

13. In this country, a person of 10 years of age is subject to criminal liability.

14. In this country, the formalities associated with setting up a business last two days.

15. The last death penalty was carried out in 1967.

16. In this country, traffic on the road is left-handed.


Education in Australia

education graphics

1. In this country, compulsory education lasts 11 years.

2. The beginning of education begins at the age of 5.

3. The average IQ level is 98.

4. Australian schools use world maps in south orientation (Australia at the top of the map, and Europe at the bottom).

5. In this country there is 1% of people above 15 years of age who can not read or write (approximately 240 069 people).


Work in Australia

work graphics

1. The minimum wage is Australian $ 656.9 per week, and Australian $ 17.29 per hour (2015 data).

2. The amount of income tax in Australia is 28.5% – 30%.

3. Men and women can retire at the age of 65.

4. The unemployment rate in 2018 is 5.3% .

5. In 2018, the average monthly salary in this country is 4 820 A $.

6. In this country, the amount of income tax for individuals is 45%, and for companies 30% (2018).

7. Australian economy loses about 6.2 billion dollars annually due to reduced employee productivity due to the high temperatures prevailing in the country.

8. The minimum wage depends on the profession and the employee’s age.

9. In this country, the formalities associated with setting up a business last two days.

10. The work week is 38 hours.


Best in Australia

best graphics

1. The richest person in Australia is Gina Rinehart, who owns a property of $12.3 billion.

2. The railway tracks between the east coast and the city of Perth are the longest straight railway section in the world. It is 478 km long.

3. In 1869, the largest lump of gold weighing over 71 kg was found in Moliagul.

4. The highest building in Australia is Q1 in Gold Coast, which is 322.5 meters high (80 floors). It was built in 2005.

5. The tallest structure in the country is the Sydney Tower in Sydney, 309 meters high. Established in 1981.

6. Australia has the largest in the world ranch – Anna Creek, with an area of ​​over 23,000 km² (2 times bigger than the Świętokrzyskie province). Interestingly, 17,000 cattle are under the care of only 17 employees.

7. Bob Hawke, Prime Minister of Australia in 1983-1991, established in the 1950s a world record in drinking beer on time (1.4 l drink in 11 seconds).

8. In 1869, the largest lump of gold weighing 71 kg was found in Moliagul.

9. The lowest point in the country is Lake Eyre – 15 m.p.p.

10. Mount Townsend turned out to be higher than Kosciuszko Mountain, so in the nineteenth century it was decided to change their names, so that Kosciuszko Mountain would continue to be the highest peak of Australia.

11. Australia is the world’s largest producer of wool, bauxite, titanium, alumina and sheepmeat.

12. The largest airport in Australia is in Sydney (Kingsford-Smith). Over 38 million people use it annually.

13. The most deadly disease in this country is heart failure.

14. There is the longest fence in the world, with 5,530 km. It separates wild dingo dogs from sheep.

15. There is also the world’s longest golf course measuring 850 km.

16. Near the Australian city of Darwin a football-sized toad was caught. It was about 40 centimeters in diameter and weighed over a kilo. She was found by Frogwatch activists who hunt poisonous toads that threaten the Australian environment.

17. The highest score in international football matches was set in 2002 during the Australia – Samoa match. Australians have won as much as 31 to 0.

18. The highest peak of Mt. Kościuszko, 2228 m above sea level

19. The longest Murray River, 2,575 km.

20. The highest located town in the country is Cabramurra.

21. Melbourne has the most extensive tram network in the world. 500 trains run on 28 lines with a length of around 500 km.

22. Australia is the smallest, most flat and driest inhabited continent in the world.

23. The Great Barrier Reef, which runs along the Queensland coast, is 2,300 km long and is the largest coral building in the world.

24. 70% of world wool comes from Australia. There are over 126,000,000 sheep.

25. In Australia, a record number of flu patients was recorded in 2017. In August alone, over 30,000 people died a dozen or so. One of the dead was a receptionist at the Canberra clinic, she was vaccinated for flu.

26. Pasture Anna Creek Station has as much as 24,000 km2. For comparison, the Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship has a similar area.

27. The lowest temperature: -23 °C was measured at Charlotte Pass.

28. The highest temperature: 50.7 °C was measured in Oodnadatta.

29. Australian Ken Warby in 1978 set a record speed on the water. On the Spirit of Australia, it reached a speed of 511,121 km / h. Until today, this result could not be improved. Two attempts ended tragically.

30. The longest volcanic chain in the world, more than 2,000 kilometers, was discovered along eastern Australia.


Army in Australia

army graphics

1. Position in the list of the best armies of the world:
2015 year – 19 place,
2018 > year – 21 place.

2. Number of soldiers:
2014 year – 58,000 professional and 44,000 reservists,
2018 year – 60,000 professional and 19 700 reservists.

3. Number of equipment:
2014 year – 59 tanks, 1900 > armored vehicles, 390 jet aircraft and 145 helicopters,
2018 year – 59 tanks, 2040 armored vehicles, 466 jet aircraft and 184 helicopters.

4. Expenses for the army:
2014 year – $ 26,000,000,000 (PLN 111,280,000,000),
2018 year – $ 26,300,000,000 (PLN 112,564,000,000).

5. The naval fleet …
– in 2014 there were about 55 ships, in 2018 it was about < strong style = "color: green;"> 54 ships.


Society in Australia

society graphics

1. 27 Australians have accumulated assets greater than one billion US dollars.

2. In Australia, an average person consumes about 12.2 liters of pure alcohol per year.

3. The most beer is beer – 44%, then wine – 37%, spirit – 12%, and other alcoholic beverages – 7%.

4. In 2013, 1,192 people lost their lives due to traffic accidents.

5. Men and women can retire at the age of 65.

6. The average IQ level is 98.

7. About 70,000 Australians are followers of the Jedi religion.

8. 27% of adults living in this country are overweight.

9. Every fourth Australian was born outside of Australia.

10. Australians walk barefoot on the streets and in supermarkets

11. In this country, women having their first child on average 30.5 years old.

12. On average, a woman gives birth to 1.8 children.

13. In this country, over 21 176 000 (2015) 21 743 803 (2018) people have access to internet (about 91% of the population).

14. Around 14,000,000 (2015) 15,000,000 (2018) accounts on Facebook.

15. The population density is 2.8 people / km2.

17. The main religion is Christianity, 25.8% of the population.

18. 13 Australian citizens received the Nobel Prize.

19. In Australia, according to statistics, an average of one person reads 54 minutes a day.

20. The average age of people living in this country is 38.4 years.

21. In this country there are around:
4,298,000 people (17.9%) in the age range 0-14 years.
15,997,000 people (66.63%) in the age range 15-64 years.
3,714,200 people (15.47%) over 65 years old.

22. In this country, about 292,000 children (1.2% of the population) are born every year, and about 171 000 people die (0.7% of the population).

23. 150 people in 1000 possess firearms.

24. 80% of Australians live in cities around the ocean.

25. In Australia there are twice as many kangaroos than people.

26. In this country an adult person smokes 86 cigarettes a month on average.

27. The average life expectancy in this country is 82.1 years (women – 84.3 years and men – 79.9 years).

28. In Australia, as many as 96 people per 1,000 current antidepressants. This is the second highest score in the world.

29. 98% of Australians live on the coast.


Symbols of Australia

1. The national alcohol is beer and rum.

2. In the coat of arms of Australia there is a kangaroo and emu. Both animals are unable to retreat, which symbolizes that Australia is always moving forward.

3. National animals are a kangaroo and ostrich emu.

4. The symbol of the city of Sydney is the original shape of an opera built in 1973. The roof resembles sails of ships.

5. The national dish is vegemite (a spread for bread spread made from yeast extract).


Customs in Australia

1. There is a tradition that every person climbing Mount Townsend takes the stone from the foot and puts it on the top so that the mountain becomes higher than Mount Kosciuszko. It will take some time because the difference is now 19 meters.


Sport in Australia

sport graphics

1. Bronze medals awarded at the Olympic Games in Sydney in 2000, created after the meltdown of the Australian 1 cent coins, which were withdrawn from circulation in 1992.

2. Australia and Greece are the only countries that have represented their teams in all modern Olympics.

3. The highest score in international football matches was set in 2002 during the Australia – Samoa match. Australians have won as much as 31 to 0.

4. Popular sports are rugby, cricket.


History of Australia

history graphics

1. In 1975, there was a great constitutional crisis that led to the closure of the Australian parliament and the release of all politicians.

2. A huge fire lasting from February 7 to March 14, 2009 killed 173 people.

3. The country has discovered a blue zirconium, which is over 4 billion years old.

4. In 1966, David Malangi, an Aboriginal artist, discovered that on one of Australia’s banknotes there is a drawing of his authorship. As part of the remuneration he received $1,000, a locket and a container for fish.

5. The Aborigines until 1967 were considered animals. It was only after the referendum that the people of Australia decided that they should be granted equal status to people.

6. In 1869, the largest lump of gold weighing 71 kg was found in Moliagul.

7. The Aborigines for 50,000 years burned grass to hunt wild game, largely leading to the sterilization of Australia’s surface.

8. In the seventeenth century, the Dutch explore the western and northern coast of Australia called this area New Holland.

9. Independence from Great Britain was obtained in 1942.

10. In this country, women have the right to vote since 1902.

11. He joined the United Nations on November 1, 1945.

12. After analyzing the footprint from 20,000 years ago, it turns out that the person who left this trail had to run at a speed comparable to the results of the current Olympic champions.

13. The warriors of the Luritja tribe fought with a shield and boomerang.

14. According to the aboriginal story, 20,000 years ago Australia was connected by land to Indonesia.


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What is the highest peak in Australia?

The highest peak in Australia is Góra Kościuszki (2228 m above sea level).

answer: Marta


What is the largest river in Australia?

The largest river in Australia is Murray River, 2,575 km.

answer: Marta


What is the largest lake in Australia?

The largest lake in Australia is Eyre (area from 8,000 to 10,000 km2).

answer: Marta


Which Australia has national colors?

National colors: green and gold.

answer: Marta


What is national alcohol?

The national alcohol is beer and rum.

answer: Marta


What is the national animal?

The national animal is a kangaroo and ostrich emu.

answer: Marta


What is the national sport?

National sport is cricket and rugby.

answer: Marta


Which countries borders Australia?

It is an island country, no terrestrial borders.

answer: Marta


What is the average age of people living in this country?

The average age of people living in this country is 38.4 years.

answer: Marta


What is the minimum wage?

The minimum wage depends on the profession and the employee’s age.

answer: Marta


What is the population density in Australia?

The population density is 3 people per km2.

answer: Marta


What is the motto of this country?

Motto of the country – “Forward, Australia!”.

answer: Marta


What is the highest temperature recorded in this country?

The highest temperature: 50.7 ° C was measured in Oodnadatta.

answer: Marta


What is the lowest temperature recorded in this country?

The lowest temperature: -23 ° C was measured at Charlotte Pass.

answer: Marta


With how many years can you legally buy alcohol?

In this country, alcohol can be bought at the age of 18.

answer: Marta