Capital : Warsaw
Language : Polish
Currency : Złoty
Population : 38 426 809
Area : 312 679 km2
1. In 2018, Dominika and Sebastian Kulczyk have the largest assets in Poland – $ 3,800,000,000.
2. The change from summer to winter time (moving clockwise back one hour) is on the last Sunday in October.
3. Jakub Krzemień from Wyszków (Masovian Voivodeship) ran four railway wagons with hair on the rails with a total weight of 60 tons over a distance of 7 meters and 97 centimeters and thus set a new world record. A successful test took place at the Railway Museum in Sochaczew on September 14, 2014.
4. Of the approximately 6,000 names of squares, streets and squares of Paris, 17 are associated with Poland.
5. 16% of fatal accidents were caused by people under the influence of alcohol.
6. Over 24,876,000 motor vehicles are registered in this country (646 vehicles per 1,000 inhabitants).
7. The Court of Justice of the European Union has immediately ordered that the logging of the Białowieża Forest be stopped. For every day of breaking the ban there will be a fine of 100,000 euros.
8. There are currently 7 “skyscrapers” in Warsaw (buildings over 150 meters high).
9. The rock salt mined in Kłodawa is over 250 million years old.
10. The bulletproof vest was invented by Poles – Kazimierz Żegleń and Jan Szczepanik.
11. Products of known brands are of lower quality than those sold in Western Europe.
12. In Witaszyce at the Napoleonic War Museum there is Napoleon’s hair.
13. Among the 140 statues of saints placed around St. Peter’s sculpture of the Pole – Saint. Jacek Odrowąż.
14. In Chełm there are historic chalk underground which is a unique remnant of chalk mining in Europe. The corridors reach a length of several dozen kilometers in length.
15. From 1973 to 2000, 4 671 585 Fiat 126 p were produced, commonly called “toddlers”.
16. The Polish government has decided to build a central port in Gdansk, which will double the number of transhipments in the Tri-City. The investment cost is PLN 9 billion. The port is to be ready in 2028.
17. In the game “The Witcher 3” in the city of Novigrad there is a building that looks like a Gdańsk Crane.
18. Kazimierz Funk born in Poland discovered the first vitamin – B1. He is the creator of the science of vitamins.
19. The national top-level domain is .pl . There are over 2 394 910 websites with this extension.
20. The most popular pages with the extension .pl are: google.pl, allegro.pl and onet.pl.
21. The first inscription under Tymbark’s cap was “ears up”.
22. On average, a Pole consumes 250 liters of water a day.
23. Due to the very low impact of the share of agriculture in the economy (3%), Poland is included in the highly developed countries.
24. 80% of TVs and monitors from Europe are manufactured in Poland.
25. Poczta Polska employs over 90,000 employees.
26. There are as many as 13 basilicas in Krakow.
27. Szczecin is called the “Paris of the North” because of the starry streets, like those in the French capital.
28. In Poznań, people over 70 years of age can take a taxi for free 3 times a month.
29. The first 20 minutes of driving the Poznań City Bike is free. Interestingly, in 2016 the average bike rental time was 19 minutes 49 seconds.
30. Over 2.5 million people in Poland in 2017 have arrears in repayment of loans and current accounts. Their total value is over PLN 62 billion.
31. After the plane crash of the presidential plane on April 10, 2010, mourning was announced in 23 countries around the world. The longest outside Poland in Brazil (3 days) and Lithuania (4 days).
32. They are larger in PL – Rypin – here the stained glass window is 212m2, and in Jaworzno 177 m2. Rypiński stained glass window is the largest in Europe and the second in the world!
33. In Jaworzno is the only triangular market in Poland.
34. One of the largest church stained glass windows is located in Jaworzno, the church of Saint Wojciech.
35. In Jaworzno is one of the highest chimneys in Europe, it is located in the Jaworzno Power Plant.
36. In this country there are more than 423 997 km of paved roads including more than 1 553 km of expressways (0.66% of all roads in the world).
37. The country has 126 airports, 87 of the paved surface.
38. In this country there are more than 19 428 km of railway tracks.
39. There is a 29 km long metro line in Warsaw (27 stations). It was opened in 1995. About 147 million people use it annually.
40. Pola Negri is the only Polish actress who has permanently entered the history of world cinema.
41. Poles are specialists in the illegal dismantling of railway rails and live contact system. As the events of the last few years have shown, dismantling up to several hundred meters in a few hours at night does not prove to be a problem for them. There are only Russians ahead of us who can break a 300-ton steel bridge overnight.
42. Heniek Wojciechowski known under the name Earl Weiss was the only gangster he was afraid of Al Capone.
43. In 1992 Tomasz Jacek Filek invented chess for three people.
44. In 2010, the Mint of Poland minted 8,000 pieces of occasional one-dollar coins with the image of Misiek Uszatka on behalf of the island of Niue in New Zealand.
45. Poland buys sand and gravel in South Africa.
46. Poles suffering from larynx cancer came up with a way to smoke cigarettes through a tube in the trachea.
47. In 1998, illegal production of $ 100 banknotes operated in Wrocław. American experts after analyzing said that they are better made than the original.
48. Mirosław Hermaszewski is the only Polish astronaut. In 1978 he participated in a flight that lasted over 190 hours.
49. The average speed of fixed-line internet is 10.6 Mb / s and the maximum 45.6 Mb / s (data from the end of 2015).
50. On December 20, 1991, Poland was connected to the global Internet.
51. There are over 370 stationary photo radars set up on the roads.
52. Astrophysicist Alexander Wolszczan (born April 29, 1946) in 1990 discovered the first planet outside our solar system.
53. About 35 million bricks were used to build the Palace of Culture and Science in Warsaw.
54. The comic characters of Asterix and Lucky Luke were invented by a Pole born in Paris – Rene Goscinny.
55. Fake hundred dollar bills were created in Wrocław, better made than the original.
56. Full name of the country – Republic of Poland.
57. Political system – parliamentary democracy.
58. Poland is inhabited by over 38,500,000 people.
59. In the Middle Ages, beaver was considered a fish in Poland because it spends most of its time in the water and has a “scaly” tail.
60. Free public transport was introduced in the city of Żory from January 1.
61. John Paul II and Lech Wałęsa were on the list of the 100 most outstanding people of the 20th century according to the weekly “Time”.
62. Poles have reportedly “the strongest head” to drink alcohol after the Russians.
63. The famous movie “The Matrix” was directed by Poles – the Wachowski Brothers.
64. Szczecin is called “Paris of the North”.
65. Poland has the longest steady GDP growth in Europe (the sequence of years in which the annual GDP growth has always been positive) lasting from 1989 to now. In the world ranking, it ranks second (Australia comes first).
66. In Gdańsk there is the second largest building in Europe – Falowiec.
67. In 2015, Poland and Croatia established a new union – the Three Seas.
68. Racial characteristics of Poles include, among others: sharpened eyesight, increased ethylene digestion efficiency, strings adapted to Polish (physiological) and increased instinct of self-defense and possession (mental).
69. There are about 140 exorcists in Poland. This profession even has its own magazine.
70. The commune with the highest GDP per capita in the country is Kleszczów near the Bełchatów power plant and brown coal mine.
71. During the Cold War period, the Nowa Huta district was established in Krakow, whose construction was to “show the power of communism”, which then reigned in Poland under the influence of the Soviet army. The capitalist “equivalent” of Nowa Huta is Miasteczko Wilanów (commune of Warsaw) and Nowodwory (area of the municipal information system of the Warsaw commune of Białołęka).
72. According to research from 2014-2015, Mazovia is an economy larger than the whole of Slovakia, Świętokrzyskie greater than Iceland, Gdańsk Pomerania greater than Ethiopia, Podlasie greater than Romania, Podkarpacie greater than Afghanistan, Łódź greater than Latvia, Kuyavian-Pomeranian greater than Estonia, Earth Lubuska greater than Macedonia, Opolskie greater than Malta, Upper Silesia greater than Bulgaria, Lower Silesia greater than Kenya.
73. Polish volunteers take part in the war between Ukraine and Russia.
74. Poland has faster internet than in Italy, Ireland and France. Over the latter, it also has the advantage of the number of telephone subscriptions and students at universities.
75. Tarchomin and Nowodwory are called a “hatchery for Warsaw” because of the large number of inhabitants in the pre-production group.
76. Currently, 23 new skyscrapers are being built in Warsaw, and 10 in Katowice, 3 in Łódź, 6 in Wrocław, 4 in Poznań, 12 in Gdańsk, 1 in Gdynia, 2 in Międzyzdroje, 3 in Reda, 3 in Bydgoszcz, 1 in Szczecin, 1` in Olsztyn, 12 in Rzeszów, 1 in Krakow.
77. According to Wikipedia, there are about 50 skyscrapers (skyscrapers) in Warsaw, and 17 in Krakow, 42 in Łódź, 55 in Poznań, 21 in Wrocław, 25 in Gdańsk, 6 in Gdynia, 37 in Katowice, 3 in Szczecin, 3 in Rzeszów, 2 in Bydgoszcz, and one each in Gorzów Wielkopolski, Białystok and Sosnowiec.
78. There are about 1,400 km of highways in Poland.
79. 17 Poles have won the Nobel Prize.
80. A lot of marriages are made at a young age.
81. Izabela Czartoryska in 1801 in Puławy founded the first museum in Poland in which national souvenirs were collected.
82. In Estonian, the word “tusk” means worry.
83. The most indebted Pole is a resident of Mazovia, whose debt amounts to as much as PLN 102 million.
Geography in Poland
1. In the village of Tumidaj in the Łódź Voivodeship there is a tavern where Napoleon met with Mrs. Walewska.
2. Only two people live in Lower Silesia in Luboszów.
3. Poland borders with such countries as: Belarus 605 km, Czech Republic 615 km, Germany 456 km, Lithuania 91 km, Russia 432 km, Slovakia 420 km, Ukraine 428 km.
4. Władysław Jagiełło issued a law to protect the round, which was the first law in the world related to nature conservation.
5. In the Sudetes there are 15 extinct volcanoes whose last activity took place 20 million years ago.
6. In the northern part of Poznań, Morasko is the largest crater in Poland with a diameter of 60 meters.
7. The lowest situated place in the country is Raczki Elbląskie – 2 m.p.p.
8. The highest mountain in Poland in its entirety is Kozi Wierch, rising 2,291 m above sea level.
9. The city of Tarnów is the Polish heat pole.
10. In the village of Piątek, 33 km from Łódź, there is the exact center of Poland.
11. In Tychowo there is the largest stone weighing approximately 200 tons in Poland and 44 meters in diameter.
12. The Świętokrzyskie Mountains are the oldest mountains in Europe.
13. Błędowska Desert is the only natural desert in Europe.
14. In the Wielkopolskie voivodship there is a place called the End of the World. One person lives in it.
15. The Malbork Castle is the largest Gothic castle in the world. It was built with about 4.5 million bricks.
16. Through the city of Kolbuszowa in the province The Nile river flows in Podkarpackie.
17. There are 3090 streets in Poland called “Polna”.
18. In Suwałki, the largest annual amplitude of the year has been recorded. January 12, 1950 was minus 35.5 degrees C, and July 11, 1947 there were plus 37, which gives a difference of 72.5 degrees.
19. On January 11, 1940, a record low temperature of minus 41 degrees C was recorded in Siedlce.
20. In 2004, the wind blew on Sniezka at a speed of about 300 km / h.
21. The longest river is Wisła, 1,047 km.
22. The highest peak is Rysy, 2,499 m above sea level.
23. There are 908 cities in Poland.
24. There are 147790 sq km of agricultural land in Poland (47% of the country).
25. 92452 km2 of the country is covered by forests (29.6%)
26. One of the rocks in the Krakow-Częstochowa Upland is called “Elephant’s Dupa”.
27. In the former German concentration camp Plaszow in Krakow, there is an elevation called Hujowa Górka.
28. On June 5, 1443, in the vicinity of Wrocław, the land shook with strength of about 6 on the Richter scale. During the largest earthquake recorded in Poland, 30 people were killed.
29. In the village of Raczki Elbląskie, near Elbląg, there is the lowest point of Poland (1.8 m.p.p.).
30. The city of Świnoujście is located on 44 islands.
31. The Bialowieza Forest is the oldest forest in Europe.
294. The nearest capital in a straight line from Warsaw is Vilnius (Lithuania) – 393 km.
295. The furthest situated capital in a straight line from Warsaw is Wellington (New Zealand) – 17695 km.
Finance in Poland
1. The minimum wage is set only for the “contract of employment” and amounts to PLN 1 750 per month gross (data from 2015).
2. The amount of income tax in Poland is 18%.
3. In this country, the amount of income tax for natural persons is 32%, and for companies 19% (2018).
4. The tax on goods and services is 23% (2018).
5. The level of inflation in 2018 is 2%.
6. Gross domestic product (GDP) …
– in 2015 it is $ 593 758 000 000 (PLN 2 541 284 240 000 ),
– in 2018 it is $ 525,000,000,000 (PLN 2,247,000,000).
7. Internal debt at the beginning of …
– 2015 was 49.1% of GDP, which is about: $ 291 535 178 000 (PLN 1 247 770 561 840),
– 2018 year was 50, 6% of GDP, i.e. around: $ 265 650,000,000 (PLN 1,136,982,000,000). To pay it back, each citizen would have to give about $ 6,903 (PLN 29,544).
8. Foreign debt at the beginning of …
– 2015 was around: $ 354 200,000,000 ,
– 2018 year is around: $ 392,174,000,000 .
9. The percentage share in the global Polish economy in 2015 is 0.74% (for comparison, the share of the United States is 23.32%).
10. This country has 2018 over year $112 146 000 000 of foreign exchange reserves (0.86% of foreign exchange reserves of all countries of the world).
11. Poland has 102900 kg of gold reserves (2018).
Law in Poland
1. The permissible blood alcohol content in a person driving a car is 0.2 promile.
2. The built-up speed limit is 50 km / h.
3. In addition to built-up areas, the permitted speed on the normal road ranges from 90 to 100 km / h, and on highways from 100 to 140 km / h.
4. Women can retire at the age of 60 and 7 months, and men aged 65 and 7 months.
5. In this country, the amount of income tax for natural persons is 32%, and for companies 19% (2018).
6. The tax on goods and services is 23% (2018).
7. Tomasz S. driving a car caused an accident. After testing, the result was 14.8 per mille of alcohol in the body (3.5 promila is a lethal dose).
8. In this country, women can get married at the age of 16, and men aged 18.
9. Who is detaining the name of JÓZEFA PIŁSUDSKI is subject to the imprisonment of up to 5 years.
10. In this country, the formalities related to the establishment of the company last 31 days.
11. The last death penalty was made in 1988.
Education in Poland
1. In this country, compulsory education lasts until the age of 18.
2. The beginning of education begins at the age of 7.
3. The average IQ level is 99.
4. In Gdansk IV High School, in September 2015, the first uniformed class in Poland with the city guard profile was launched.
5. Poland in 2014 took 6th place in the NEF English Proficient Index ranking, which assesses the level of English proficiency.
6. In this country there are 0.2% of people above 15 years of age who can not read or write (approximately 76 968 people).
7. As many as 90% of people completed the minimum secondary school.
Work in Poland
1. The minimum wage is set only for the “contract of employment” and amounts to PLN 1 750 per month gross (data from 2015).
2. In 2018, the average monthly salary in this country is 4 520 PLN.
3. The amount of income tax in Poland is 18%.
4. Women can retire at the age of 60 and 7 months, and men aged 65 and 7 months.
5. The unemployment rate in 2018 is 5.9% .
6. In this country, the amount of income tax for natural persons is 32%, and for companies 19% (2018).
7. In this country, the formalities related to the establishment of the company last 31 days.
8. The work week is 40 hours.
Best in Poland
1. The Gdańsk Przymorze estate is a 10-storey residential tower, which is 860 meters long.
2. Szczecin’s Pioner cinema operating since 1909 is the second longest running cinema in the world.
3. The Gdansk Crane, is the oldest surviving port crane in Europe.
4. On May 2, 1994, the most tragic road accident in Poland occurred in Gdańsk Kokoszki. On the bus during the maneuver, overtaking the tire burst and at a high speed hit the tree, which tore it in half. There were 75 people on the bus (51 seats). 32 people were killed.
5. On April 17, 1995, a gas explosion occurred in a tower block in Gdańsk at 39 Wojska Polskiego Avenue, after which three floors of the building collapsed. 22 people died.
6. In Świdnica, there is the largest wooden temple in Europe – the Evangelical-Augsburg church dedicated to the Holy Trinity.
7. Władysław Jagiełło issued a law to protect the round, which was the first law in the world related to nature conservation.
8. The Polish “mors” Lech Kleszczyński in 1998 entered the Barents Sea in Norway at minus 43 °C.
9. In the castle in Pszczyna there are the largest mirrors in Europe.
10. In Rybnik there are the most roundabouts in Poland. There are over 31 of them.
11. In the northern part of Poznań, Morasko is the largest crater in Poland with a diameter of 60 meters.
12. The most popular name is Kowalski and Nowak.
13. The most well-known Polish service station is Orlen.
14. In the 7th edition, I have the talent of the youngest participant in the world who is only 3 years old.
15. The lowest situated place in the country is Raczki Elbląskie – 2 m.p.p.
16. PKN Orlen with over PLN 100 billion in revenue is the largest company in Poland.
17. Under the Main Railway Station in Szczecin is one of the largest environmental shelters in Europe, which is able to accommodate 5,000 people.
18. The film “Krzyżacy” is the most-watched film in the history of Polish cinematography. More than 32 million people have seen it since 1987.
19. The most indebted Pole in 2017 is a 67-year-old resident of Mazovia, with a debt of about PLN 104 000 000.
20. The salt mine in Kłodawa has the deepest underground tourist route in the world, 600 meters underground.
21. In Poland, in the Obłazowa Cave, the oldest boomerang made of a mammoth blow was found. It is estimated that it is around 23,000 years old.
22. The highest mountain in Poland in its entirety is Kozi Wierch, rising 2,291 m above sea level.
23. Poland is the largest producer of apples in Europe.
24. In the church of Saint. The pulsar clock – the most accurate clock in the world – has been installed in St. Catherine’s Church in Gdansk. It is 10 times more accurate than the atomic clock.
25. Tadeusz Morawski created the longest palindrome in the world (a text that can be read from the back). It consists of 33,000 words.
26. The shortest navigable river in Poland is Klonownica, flowing in the vicinity of Augustów. It counts less than 800 m in length. Klonowica together with lakes and the Augustów Canal form excellent waterways used by sailors, canoeists and anglers.
27. Miniusia, because that is the name the oldest pooch living in Poland is 28 years old. The girl was born on January 16, 1985. He enjoys quite good condition for his age. Smell and hearing are still very good, only slightly visually impaired. He lives with his owner in Poznań.
28. The most deadly disease in this country is heart failure.
29. The 5 zloty coin was recognized in 1996 as the most technologically advanced circulation coin in the world.
30. The best strongmen in the world are Poles.
31. The oldest tree in Poland and probably in Europe is the yew in Henryków Lubański, which is about 1500 years old.
32. In Tychowo there is the largest stone weighing approximately 200 tons in Poland and 44 meters in diameter.
33. The Świętokrzyskie Mountains are the oldest mountains in Europe.
34. Błędowska Desert is the only natural desert in Europe.
35. The Poles, the first in the world, have developed a way to drink denatured alcohol, pineapple fluid, sulfuric acid and cologne.
36. In Gdańsk there is the world’s largest brick church. St. Mary’s Basilica has an area of 5,000m2, and the highest tower rises to 82 meters.
37. Poles were the first in the world to win the following eight-thousanders in the winter: Mount Everest, Kanchendzoga, Lhotse, Czo Oju, Dhaulagiri, Manaslu, Annapurna, Gaszerbrum, Broad Peak and Shishapangma.
38. The Poles were the first in the world to receive all 14 eight-thousanders.
39. Belvedere vodka is considered the most luxurious vodka in the world. For a 0.7 liter bottle, you need to pay about 130 zł.
40. The Malbork Castle is the largest Gothic castle in the world. It was built with about 4.5 million bricks.
41. Krakow is the third most polluted city in Europe.
42. Elbląg has the largest outdoor swimming pool in Europe, 340 meters long and 80-125 meters wide, which gives an area of 33,500 m2.
43. In Suwałki, the largest annual amplitude of the year has been recorded. January 12, 1950 was minus 35.5 degrees C, and July 11, 1947 there were plus 37, which gives a difference of 72.5 degrees.
44. On January 11, 1940, a record low temperature of minus 41 degrees C was recorded in Siedlce.
45. The highest temperature was recorded on July 29, 1921 in Prószków near Opole – 40.2 degrees C.
46. In 2004, the wind blew on Sniezka at a speed of about 300 km / h.
47. The most popular “language break” is: King Charles bought coral beads from Queen Caroline.
48. The longest river is Wisła, 1,047 km.
49. The highest peak is Rysy, 2,499 m above sea level.
50. In the castle in Kwidzyn there is the most powerful latrine in the world.
51. Maria Curie Skłodowska was the first man who died due to radiation.
52. 80% of the world’s amber resources come from the Tri-City.
53. In Kujawy, 7500 years ago, cheese was reminiscent of Italian mozzarella. It is probably the oldest cheese in the world.
54. In 1863, Wroclaw was the second oldest travel agency in the world called – “Stangen”.
55. The most popular names are Nowak and Kowalski
56. Polish Hussars is considered by the most experts and historians to be the best bachelor of the world.
57. The Polish hussar saber by many specialists is considered the most perfect white weapon in history.
58. The most-known Polish computer game series is The Witcher – a position belonging to the strict elite of multimedia entertainment.
59. Poland is the largest producer of copper, brown coal and shale gas in Europe.
60. Poland is one of the largest bus manufacturers in the European Union.
61. Poland is the 2nd hard coal producer in Europe and 7 in the world.
62. Poland is the largest wood producer in Europe.
63. The Malbork Castle is the largest brick building in the world.
64. For the year 2020, the completion of the Varso Tower in Warsaw – the tallest building in Europe is planned.
65. On ul. Golden one in Warsaw, is the tallest residential building in Europe.
66. In 2017, the first ever cinematography in the history of cinema was created – “Your Vincent”.
67. The pit behind the Bełchatów power plant, is called “the largest artificial hole in the earth, in Europe”. Currently, it is planned to fill it with water and create a resort.
68. The only active sulfur mine in the world operates in Poland.
69. Poland is one of the three countries in Europe that has avoided ISIS attacks, which is why it is called the “Bastion of Europe” in the fight against Islamic State.
70. Poland has the largest mineral water reserves in Europe.
71. At the Palace of Culture and Science in Warsaw there is the second largest clock in Europe, 6 meters in diameter. It is also the 3rd highest clock in the world.
72. Maria Curie Skłodowska, as the only person awarded the Nobel Prize in two different fields of sciences.
73. Nicolaus Copernicus was the first to discover that the Earth is not the center of the universe.
74. Jan Heweliusz was the first to publish accurate maps of the moon.
75. The Woodstock stop is the largest open festival in Europe.
76. In Poland there are the largest number of farms in Europe.
77. In the village of Raczki Elbląskie, near Elbląg, there is the lowest point of Poland (1.8 m.p.p.).
78. The Bialowieza Forest is the oldest forest in Europe.
79. In Latin, the text of the Gniezno Bull from 1136 was woven into 410 personal names and towns in Polish, making it the oldest surviving monument of our native language.
80. In Poznań, the youngest castle in Europe was built in 1910.
81. The lowest temperature: -41 °C was measured in Siedlce.
82. The highest temperature: 40.2 °C was measured in Prószków.
83. In Konstantynów, in 1974, a radio mast was built with a height of 646 meters. He collapsed in 1991. It was the highest construction in the world.
84. There is a wooden radio station in Gliwice, which is 111 meters high. It is the tallest wooden structure in the world.
85. The thinnest house in the world is located in Warsaw. The widest point is 122 cm and the narrowest is only 72 cm.
86. The old EN57 regional trains, which are full on Polish tracks, were the longest-produced rail vehicles in the world (for 34 years).
87. The oldest tree in Poland grows in the village of Henryków Lubański in Lower Silesia. Cis Henrykowski from the common species is over 1250 years old.
88. In Wilków Nowowiejski, a board of 130-year-old Douglas fir with a length of 40.8 meters was cut out. It is the longest board in the world.
89. Adaś, two years old, left the house in his pajamas on November 29-30, where he spent over 5 hours at a temperature of -10 degrees. Despite the fact that his body temperature dropped to 12.7 degrees Celsius, the doctors managed to save him. It was the first case in the world when a person whose temperature dropped below 13 degrees was saved.
Army in Poland
1. Black Hawk helicopters are produced at Polskie Zakłady Lotnicze Mielec.
2. Position in the list of the best armies of the world:
– 2015 year – 17 place,
– 2018 > year – 22 place.
3. Number of soldiers:
– 2014 year – 120,000 professional and 510,000 reservists,
– 2018 year – 109 650 professional and 75 000 reservists.
4. Number of equipment:
– 2014 year – 1000 tanks, 3100 > armored vehicles, 470 jet aircraft and 260 helicopters,
– 2018 year – 1065 tanks, 2608 armored vehicles, 463 jet aircraft and 227 helicopters.
5. Army spending:
– 2014 year – $ 9,000,000,000 (PLN 38,520,000,000),
– 2018 year – $ 9,360,000,000 (PLN 40,060,800,000).
6. The naval fleet …
– in 2014 there were about 40 ships, in 2018 it was about < strong style = "color: green;"> 39 ships.
Society in Poland
1. 5 Poles have accumulated assets greater than one billion US dollars.
2. In Poland, an average person consumes about 12.5 liters of pure alcohol per year.
3. The most beer is beer – 55%, then spirit – 36%, and wine – 9%.
4. In 2013, 3,357 people lost their lives due to traffic accidents.
5. Women can retire at the age of 60 and 7 months, and men aged 65 and 7 months.
6. 0.3% of the population live on less than 3 $a day.
7. The average IQ level is 99.
8. The most popular name is Kowalski and Nowak.
9. 24% of indebted Poles are in the 18-24 age group.
10. 25% of adults living in this country are overweight.
11. According to foreign services, it is typically Polish to drink beer with juice through a straw, and in the autumn and winter mulled beers – with cloves and cinnamon.
12. Catholicism is so popular that there is even a Catholic television and radio channel here.
13. In this country, women having their first child on average 26.9 years old.
14. On average, a woman gives birth to 1.3 children.
15. In this country, over 25 666 000 (2015) 29 757 099 (2018) people have access to internet (about 77% of the population).
16. Around 14,000,000 (2015) 14,000,000 (2018) accounts on Facebook.
17. Over 14,000,000 Facebook accounts have been created.
18. The population density is 123 people / km2.
19. The main religion is Roman Catholicism, 93%.
20. In Poland, according to statistics, an average of one person reads 56 minutes a day.
21. The average age people living in this country is 39.9 years.
22. In this country there are about:
– 5,657,000 people (14.7%) in the age range 0-14 years.
– 26,793,000 people (69.62%) in the age range 15-64 years.
– 6,034,300 people (15.68%) over 65 years old.
23. In this country, about 375,000 children are born each year (1.0% of the population), and about 392,000 people die (1.0% of the population).
24. The most popular names are Nowak and Kowalski
25. 13 people out of 1000 possess firearms.
26. 62% of the country’s population lives in urban areas.
27. In this country, an average adult smokes 132 cigarettes a month.
28. The average life expectancy in this country is 75.5 years (women – 79.9 years and men – 71.2 years).
Symbols of Poland
1. The national alcohol is vodka and mead.
2. The national tree is oak.
3. White-tailed eagle, which is in the emblem of Poland, really belongs to hawks, not eagles.
4. National animals are white-tailed eagle and bison.
5. The national fruit is an apple.
6. Stuff is a traditional dish.
7. National football is football.
8. The Polish flag was similar to the current flag of Austria during the existence of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
9. The national symbol of Poland is the white-tailed eagle.
10. The name “Poland” comes from the tribe “Polanie”.
Holidays in Poland
1. Every year, millions of Poles sit at Christmas in front of TV sets to watch the movie “Kevin alone at home”. They can not imagine Christmas without him.
Famous people in Poland
1. One of the most outstanding Poles was the Pope – John Paul II.
2. Maria Curie Skłodowska, as the only person awarded the Nobel Prize in two different fields of sciences.
3. Nicolaus Copernicus was the first to discover that the Earth is not the center of the universe.
4. Jan Heweliusz was the first to publish accurate maps of the moon.
Sport in Poland
1. The best strongmen in the world are Poles.
2. National football is football.
History of Poland
1. Poland was the only country that managed to get Moscow. The Kremlin was occupied for two years, from 1610.
2. During the First World War, Kalisz was the most damaged. About 95% of the city was shot and burned.
3. In honor of Józef Stalin in 1953-1956, Katowice was called Stalinogród.
4. In the years 1918-1945, the Lublin Province was the only one that did not adhere to the state border.
5. In 1934, the port in Gdynia was the most modern in Europe.
6. Władysław Jagiełło issued a law to protect the round, which was the first law in the world related to nature conservation.
7. He died last year in Poland in 1627.
8. On August 26, 1992 in the Ruda Raciborska Forest District more than 10,000 people extinguished the largest fire after World War II in Europe. Over 9,000 hectares of forest burned.
9. At the beginning of the Middle Ages, Szczecin was considered an unconquerable fortress in Europe.
10. In the 20th century, Poland declared war on Japan, but these did not accept the challenge.
11. In the 17th century, Polish was an international language, very popular in Eastern Europe.
12. In the 1960s, Poland was the largest producer of two-wheelers in the world.
13. From 1600 to 1945, Poland was occupied or in some other way fought for modest freedom … 43 times. Regardless of what actually and how it was calculated, it is a small number, well illustrating Polish history.
14. The first penny was minted in 1367.
15. It was not until 1952 in the Constitution of the Polish People’s Republic that Warsaw was the capital of Poland.
16. The symbol of the swastika before the outbreak of the Second World War was on many different Polish badges.
17. Independence from Germany and Austro-Hungary was recovered on November 11, 1918.
18. Warsaw and Lviv as the only cities were honored with the Virtuti Militari order.
19. During World War II, over 16% of Polish citizens were killed.
20. In 1942, the Germans issued an order to kill all racing pigeons in Poland.
21. In the years 1079 – 1138, the capital of Poland was Płock, and from 1290 to 1296 – Poznań.
22. In 1863, Wroclaw was the second oldest travel agency in the world called – “Stangen”.
23. Polish Hussars is considered by the most experts and historians to be the best bachelor of the world.
24. The Polish hussar saber by many specialists is considered the most perfect white weapon in history.
25. Poland regained its independence for the second time in 1989, beginning a chain reaction – “Autumn of Nations”, which ended the Cold War and caused the collapse of the USSR.
26. During the Second World War, Poland had the strongest resistance movement.
27. Poland as an existing country today is called III Republic of Poland. The Second Polish Republic existed during the interwar period, and the first as a result of the union with Lithuania in modern times. In addition, over the centuries it has existed in other forms (the Duchy of Poland) in a divided form (district breakdown, tribes-state before the unification of Polish tribes by the Poles) and as an autonomous area due to the loss of sovereignty (Kingdom of Poland, Polish People’s Republic).
28. In this country, women have the right to vote since 1918.
29. The country joined the UN on October 24, 1945.
30. On May 12, 1999, Poland joined a political and military organization called NATO.
31. In the Treaty of Riga ending the Polish-Bolshevik war, the Russians were to pay Poland compensation of 23 tons of pure gold. Unfortunately, the promises were over.
32. In 1920-1922, 765 orphaned children of Polish exiles were transported from Siberia to Japan, and then they were transported to Poland. All thanks to the action of the Japanese Red Cross, which for the first time helped a foreign state.
33. Józef Piłsudzki was financially supported by Japanese intelligence
Language in Poland
1. In the 17th century, Polish was an international language, very popular in Eastern Europe.
2. The most popular “language break” is: King Charles bought coral beads from Queen Caroline.
What is the highest peak in Poland?
The highest peak in Poland is Rysy (2499 m above sea level).
What is the largest river in Poland?
The largest river in Poland is Wisła, 1,047 km.
What is the largest lake in Poland?
Śniardwy is the largest lake (11,340.4 ha).
What is the national dish?
The national dish is bigos.
Which Poland has national colors?
National colors: white and red.
What is national alcohol?
The national alcohol is vodka and mead.
What is the national animal?
National animals are white-tailed eagle and bison.
What is the national sport?
National football is football.
Which countries borders Poland?
Poland borders on such countries as: Belarus 605 km, Czech Republic 615 km, Germany 456 km, Lithuania 91 km, Russia 432 km, Slovakia 420 km, Ukraine 428 km.
What is the average age of people living in this country?
The average age of people living in this country is 39.9 years.
What is the population density in Poland?
The population density is 123 people per km2.
What is the motto of this country?
Motto of the country – “God, Honor, Homeland”.
What is the highest temperature recorded in this country?
The highest temperature: 40.2 ° C was measured in Prószków.
What is the lowest temperature recorded in this country?
The lowest temperature: -41 ° C was measured in Siedlce.
With how many years can you legally buy alcohol?
In this country, alcohol can be bought at the age of 18.