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Turkey facts - great collection of trivia.

Last update : 19 February 2019


Turkey information

Capital : Ankara
Language :  Turkish
Currency :  Turkish lira
Population : 78 741 053
Area : 783 562 km2

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Turkey facts

Facts automatically translated into English from the poznajnieznane.pl and paczka-wiedzy.pl page. I'm sorry for all the mistakes.


1. The change from summer to winter time (moving clockwise back one hour) is on the last Sunday of October.


In Turkey, winter time does not change to summer time.

2. 3.3% of fatal accidents were caused by people under the influence of alcohol.

3. This country has more than 17,939,000 motor vehicles (231 vehicles per 1,000 inhabitants).

4. There are over 2,372 buildings in Istanbul exceeding 35 meters in height.

5. There are 33 “skyscrapers” in Turkey (buildings over 150 meters high).

6. In 1975, Turkey debuted in the 20th Eurovision Song Contest. She took 19, last place, scoring 3 points, all from Monaco. So far, Turkey has won once, once took second place, once third and last three times.

7. The centers of Ankara and Adana were designed by German urban planners in a modernist style.

8. In Turkey, social housing is being built by a government agency. So far, over 500,000 have been built. apartments.

9. The bridge under the Ismitu Bay currently under construction will be the second longest suspension bridge in the world. However, the designed bridge over the Dardanelles will take first place in this category. Thus, in 2020 Turkey may have 2 of the 3 longest suspension bridges.

10. There are a lot of foreign citizens living in Turkey, many as illegal immigrants and refugees. The largest groups are Arabs, Georgians, Armenians, Kurds and Albanians. They can constitute up to 10% of the country’s population.

11. The national top-level domain is .tr . There are over 297 800 websites with this extension.

12. The most popular pages with the .tr extension are: google.com.tr, hurriyet.com.tr and milliyet.com.tr.

13. The new Turkish communication buses have USB chargers that anyone can use freely.

14. In this country there is a city called Batman. Interestingly, in 2008 the mayor of this city announced a lawsuit to producers of the movie “Batman” for the illegal use of its name.

15. Atatürk means “father of the Turks”. It is a surname that only Mustafa Kemal could use.

16. Natural black roses grow in the Halfeti region in Turkey.

17. Polonezkoy in Polish means “Polish Countryside”. It was created thanks to Adam Czartoryski in the 19th century. The village head is traditionally elected with every Pole.

18. In this country there are over 65,909 km of paved roads including more than 2,155 km of express roads (0.1% of all roads in the world).

19. The country has 98 airports, 91 of the paved surface.

20. In this country there are more than 12 008 km of railway tracks.

21. There are subway lines in five Turkish cities (Adana, Ankara, Bursa, Istanbul and Izmir).

22. In Istanbul there is a metro line with a length of 90.5 km (70 stations). It was opened in 1989. About 305 million people use it annually.

23. The average speed of fixed-line internet is 6.2 Mb / s and the maximum is 38.5 Mb / s (data from the end of 2015).

24. Most public buildings have a black arrow on the ceiling that shows the direction of Mecca. Muslims must be directed in this direction during their daily prayers.

25. There is a mosque in every Turkish city.

26. The first Christian church dedicated to St. Peter was founded in Antioch.

27. Christians fleeing Roman persecution found shelter in the underground cities of Cappadocia.

28. It is very easy to pass your driving license. The practical exam consists of driving on a road with no traffic and parking in a selected place.

29. Full name of the country – Republic of Turkey.

30. Tulips are not from the Netherlands but from Turkey.


Geography in Turkey

geography graphics

1. The city of Gobekli Tepe was discovered in Turki, which was founded more than 13,000 years ago.

2. Four seas surround Turkey.

3. Turkey borders with such countries as: Armenia 268 km, Azerbaijan 9 km, Bulgaria 240 km, Georgia 252 km, Greece 206 km, Iran 499 km, Iraq 352 km, Syria 822 km.

4. In Turkey there is Mount Ararat, where according to the Bible Noah’s ark has settled.

5. Istanbul is located on two continents – in Europe and Asia. There is no other such intercontinental city in the world.

6. The movie “Star Wars” was recorded in the city of Antolia. To this day there is a movie town that can be visited.

7. Turkey is an agricultural self-sufficient country.

8. There are 9,000 flower species in Turkey. For comparison, there are 11,500 species across Europe.

9. The country is 2.5 times larger than Poland.

10. The longest river is Kizilirmak, 1,150 km long.

11. The highest peak is Ararat 5,137 m a.s.l.

12. There is 382470 km2 of arable land in Turkey (50% of the country’s area).

13. The highest city in the country is Kapıköy.

14. 102 242 km2 of the country’s area is covered by forests (13.3%)

126. The nearest capital in a straight line from Ankara is Nicosia (Cyprus) – 529 km.

127. The furthest capital city in a straight line from Ankara is Wellington (New Zealand) – 16822 km.


Finance in Turkey

finances graphics

1. The minimum wage per hand is 949 Lira (around PLN 1,265) per month (data from 2015).

2. The amount of income tax in Turkey is 20%.

3. In this country, the amount of income tax for individuals is 35%, and for companies 22% (2018).

4. The tax on goods and services is 18% (2018).

5. The level of inflation in 2018 is 15.8%.

6. Gross domestic product (GDP) …
– in 2015 it is $ 861 079 000 000 (PLN 3 685 418 120 000 ),
– in 2018 it is $ 851,000,000,000 (PLN 3,642,280,000,000).

7. Internal debt at the beginning of …
2015 was 33% of GDP, or around: $ 284 156 070 000 (PLN 1 216 187 979 600),
2018 year was 28.3% GDP, i.e. around: $ 240 833 000 000 (PLN 1 030 765 240 000). To pay it back, each citizen would have to give about $ 3,100 (PLN 13,267).

8. Foreign debt at the beginning of …
2015 was around: $ 402 400,000,000 ,
2018 year is around: $ 466 657 000 000 .

9. The percentage share in the global economy of Turkey in 2015 is 1.08% (for comparison, the share of Poland is 0.74%, and the United States – 23.32%).

10. This country has in 2018 more than $ 124 282 000 000 (PLN 531 926 960 000) of currency reserve (1.013% of currency reserves of all countries of the world ).

11. The amount of gold reserves in …
2015 was 500900 kg ,
2018 of the year is 236,000 kg


Law in Turkey

law graphics

1. The built-up speed limit is 50 km / h.

2. Outside the built-up area, the speed limit on the regular road is 90 km / h, and on highways from 100 to 120 km / h.

3. The permissible blood alcohol content in a person driving a car is 0.5 promille.

4. Retired women can go at the age of 57, and men at the age of 62.

5. In this country, the amount of income tax for individuals is 35%, and for companies 22% (2018).

6. The tax on goods and services is 18% (2018).

7. For a road to be marked as a highway, it must have three lanes in each direction. This is a legal provision.

8. To run as a deputy, you can come to Turkey without the support of an election committee or being on the party list.

9. The reason for divorce may be that your husband does not provide adequate coffee.

10. In this country, men and women can get married at the age of 17 (with the parents’ consent).

11. The one with the bigger car has priority.

12. Drunk drivers are taken 30 km outside the city, from where they have to return home on foot. A stolen car can be recovered after sobering up and paying a fine.

13. In this country, a person of 12 years of age is subject to criminal liability.

14. In this country, the formalities related to establishing a company last 9 days.

15. The last death penalty was made in 1984.

16. Television censors people who smoke.


Education in Turkey

education graphics

1. In this country, compulsory education lasts 8 years.

2. The beginning of education begins at the age of 6.

3. The average IQ level is 90.

4. In a country that is 5% of people above 15 years of age who can not read or write (approximately 3 884 795 people).


Work in Turkey

work graphics

1. The minimum wage per hand is 949 Lira (around PLN 1,265) per month (data from 2015).

2. In 2018, the average monthly salary in this country is 210 2,210 (PLN 1,348).

3. The amount of income tax in Turkey is 20%.

4. Retired women can go at the age of 57, and men at the age of 62.

5. The unemployment rate in 2018 is 9.7% .

6. In this country, the amount of income tax for individuals is 35%, and for companies 22% (2018).

7. In this country, the formalities related to establishing a company last 9 days.

8. The work week is 45 hours.


Best in Turkey

best graphics

1. The largest airport in Turkey is located in Istanbul. Annually, it is used by over 56 million people.

2. The most deadly disease in this country is heart failure.

3. The longest river is Kizilirmak, 1,150 km long.

4. Istanbul is the largest city.

5. The highest peak is Ararat 5,137 m a.s.l.

6. The highest city in the country is Kapıköy.

7. Lowest temperature: -50.3 ° C was measured in Ardahan Province.

8. Highest temperature: 48.8 ° C was measured in Mardin.


Army in Turkey

army graphics

1. Turkey participates in the NATO nuclear weapons sharing program. They have 60-70 heads.

2. Position in the list of the best armies of the world:
2015 year – 8 place,
2018 > year – 9 place.

3. Number of soldiers:
2014 year – 410,000 professional and 180,000 reservists,
2018 year – 350,000 professional and 360 500 reservists.

4. Number of equipment:
2014 year – 3600 tanks, 8500 > armored vehicles, 980 jet aircraft and 410 helicopters,
2018 year – 2440 tanks, 9030 armored vehicles, 1055 jets and 475 helicopters.

5. Army expenditure:
2014 year – $ 18,000,000,000 (PLN 77,040,000,000),
2018 year – $ 10,200,000,000 (PLN 43,656,000,000).

6. The naval fleet …
– in 2014 it numbered about 80 ships, in 2018 it counts about < strong style="color: green;"> 79 ships.


Society in Turkey

society graphics

1. 32 Turks have accumulated assets greater than one billion US dollars.

2. In Turkey, an average adult consumes about 2 liters of pure alcohol annually.

3. Most drink beer – 64%, then spirit – 28%, and wine – 8%.

4. In 2013, 4,786 people lost their lives as a result of traffic accidents.

5. Retired women can go at the age of 57, and men at the age of 62.

6. 3.1% of the population lives on less than $4 a day.

7. The average IQ level is 90.

8. 28% of adults living in this country are overweight.

9. In this country, women having their first child on average, 22.3 .

10. On average, a woman gives birth to 2.1 children.

11. In this country, more than 46 282 000 (2015) 56 000 000 (2018) people have access to internet (about 71% of the population).

12. About 41,000,000 (2015) 44,000,000 (2018) Facebook accounts were established.

13. The population density is 98 people / km².

14. The main religion is Islam, 99%.

16. 2 Turkish citizens received the Nobel Prize.

17. In Turkey, according to statistics, an average of one person reads 51 minutes a day.

18. The average age people living in this country is 30.1 years.

19. In this country there are around:
20,040,000 people (25.45%) in the age range 0-14 years.
53 127 000 people (67.47%) in the age range 15-64 years.
5 574 900 people (7.08%) over 65 years old.

20. In this country, approximately 1,286,000 children are born annually (1.6% of the population), and approximately 463,000 people die (0.6% of the population).

21. 125 people out of 1000 possess firearms.

22. 66% of the country’s population lives in urban areas.

23. Over 60% of Turkish adults are addicted to tobacco.

24. In this country an adult person smokes an average of 117 cigarettes a month.

25. The average life expectancy in this country is 76.3 years (women – 79.4 years and men – 73.7 years).


Symbols of Turkey

1. National alcohol is Raki.

2. The turnout in general elections in Turkey is among the highest in the world and often exceeds 90%.

3. The national animal is a gray wolf.

4. The motto of the country – “Peace in the Fatherland, Peace in the World”.


Customs in Turkey

1. Drivers use the horn mainly when they approach the intersection at high speed and fail to brake, and to attract attention when they see friends.


Famous people in Turkey

1. Saint Nicholas was born in Patara. He was a bishop in Demre.


History of Turkey

history graphics

1. The Ottoman Empire was the only country in the world that did not recognize the partitions of Poland.

2. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk became the first president in the country in 1923. During 15 years of rule, he introduced Gregorian calendar, Latin alphabet, names, authoritarian government and Europeanization of the country.

3. In Turkey, no one keeps cats at home, because according to history one of them dared to scratch Mohammed.

4. You can see a statue of a Trojan horse in Turkey, the Trojan war took place, among others in western Turkey.

5. Many historical figures come from Turkey, among others biblical Abraham, Paul the Apostle, Homer – poet, storyteller Aesop.

6. The famous words of Julius Caesar “Veni, vidi, vici” were spoken after winning the battle with the kingdom of Pontus in northeastern Turkey.

7. This country was established on October 29, 1923 on the “ruins” of the Ottoman Empire.

8. The country joined the UN on October 24, 1945.

9. On February 18, 1952, Turkey joined a political and military organization called NATO.


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What is the highest peak in Turkey?

The highest peak in Turkey is Ararat (5137 m above sea level).

answer: Marta


What is the largest river in Turkey?

The largest river in Turkey is Kizilirmak, 1,150 km.

answer: Marta


What is the largest lake in Turkey?

The largest lake in Turkey is Van (3,755 km2).

answer: Marta


Which Turkey has national colors?

National colors: red and white.

answer: Marta


What is national alcohol?

The national alcohol is Raki.

answer: Marta


What is the national animal?

The national animal is a gray wolf.

answer: Marta


What is the national sport?

National sport is stocked in oil and Cirit.

answer: Marta


Which countries borders Turkey?

Turkey borders on such countries as: Armenia 268 km, Azerbaijan 9 km, Bulgaria 240 km, Georgia 252 km, Greece 206 km, Iran 499 km, Iraq 352 km, Syria 822 km.

answer: Marta


What is the average age of people living in this country?

The average age of people living in this country is 30.1 years.

answer: Marta


What is the minimum wage?

The minimum wage for a hand is 949 lira per month (data from 2015).

answer: Marta


What is the population density in Turkey?

The population density is 102 people per km2.

answer: Marta


What is the motto of this country?

Motto of the country – “Peace in the Homeland, Peace in the World”.

answer: Marta


What is the highest temperature recorded in this country?

The highest temperature: 48.8 ° C was measured in Mardin.

answer: Marta


What is the lowest temperature recorded in this country?

The lowest temperature: -50.3 ° C was measured in Ardahan Province.

answer: Marta


With how many years can you legally buy alcohol?

In this country, alcohol can be bought at the age of 18.

answer: Marta