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Capital : Lima
Language :  Spanish
Currency :  Nuevo sol
Population : 31 488 700
Area : 1 285 216 km2

Peru map

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Peru facts

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1. 10% of fatal accidents were caused by people under the influence of alcohol.

2. Over 4,264,000 motor vehicles are registered in this country (137 vehicles per 1,000 inhabitants).

3. The national top-level domain is .pe . There are over 68,960 websites with this extension.

4. The most popular pages with the extension .pe are google.com.pe, elcomercio.pe and rpp.com.pe.

5. In this country there are more than 140 672 km of paved roads (0.22% of all roads in the world).

6. The country has 191 airports, 59 of the paved surface.

7. In this country there are more than 1 907 km of railway tracks.

8. Full name of the country – Republic of Peru.

9. Political system – republic.

10. In 2010, Mario Vargas Llosa received the Nobel Prize in Literature,

11. Tomatoes and potatoes come from this country.


Geography in Peru

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1. In 1970, an earthquake caused an avalanche from Huascaran. which killed over 20,000 people.

2. On the top of Mount Huascarán the smallest gravitational acceleration was recorded (9.7639).

3. Peru borders with such countries as: Bolivia 1,075 km, Brazil 2,995 km, Chile 171 km, Colombia 1,800 km, Ecuador 1,420 km.

4. The highest waterfall in Peru – the Gocta waterfall, located in the hard-to-reach corner of the Andes, was discovered only in 2002. It is 771 meters high.

5. Machu Picchu, the best preserved Inca city on 7 July 2007 was declared one of the seven wonders of the world.

6. La Rinconada is the highest city in the world. About 30,000 people live at an altitude of 5 100 m.

7. In the vicinity of Nazda is the highest dune in the world, measuring 1 176 m from the base.

8. In Peru there are 50 peaks over 6,000 meters.

9. There are over 1,700 bird species in Peru.

10. The country has 84 out of 103 ecological zones in the world.

11. The course of the Amazon River begins in this country.

12. The country is 4.1 times bigger than Poland.

13. The longest river is Ukajali with a length of 1928 km.

14. The highest peak is Huascarán, 6768 m above sea level.

15. There are 215,000 km2 of agricultural land in Peru (17% of the country).

16. The highest located city in the country is La Rinconada.

17. 685536 km2 of the country is covered by forests (53.6%)

18. In Peru there are two deepest canyons in the world.

19. There are as many as 28 different climatic zones in this country.

20. Lake Titicaca is the highest located lake in the world.

101. The nearest capital in a straight line from Lima is La Paz (Bolivia) – 1078 km.

102. The furthest capital city in a straight line from Lima is Phnom Penh (Cambodia) – 19794 km.


Finance in Peru

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1. The minimum wage is 750 new sol per month (data from 2012).

2. The amount of income tax in Peru is 30%.

3. In this country, the amount of income tax for natural persons is 30%, and for companies 29.5% (2018).

4. The tax on goods and services is 18% (2018).

5. The level of inflation in 2018 is 1.6%.

6. Gross domestic product (GDP) …
– in 2015 it is $ 217 607 000 000 (PLN 931 357 960 000) ,
– in 2018 it is $ 211,000,000,000 (PLN 903,080,000,000).

7. Internal debt at the beginning …
2015 of year was 20.7% of GDP, which is about: $ 45 044 649 000 (PLN 192 791 097 720),
2018 year was 25.5 % GDP, i.e. around: $ 53,805,000,000 (PLN 230,285,400,000). To pay it back, each citizen would have to give about $ 1,727 (PLN 7,392).

8. Foreign debt at the beginning of …
2015 was around: $ 61 270,000,000 ,
2018 year is around: $ 76 531 000 000 .

9. This country has 2018 over year $60,861,000,000 in foreign exchange reserves (0.52% of foreign exchange reserves of all countries of the world).

10. Peru has 34700 kg of gold reserves (2018).


Law in Peru

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1. Built-up area allowed speed depending on the area varies from 30 to 60 km / h.

2. Outside the built-up area, the permitted speed ranges from 80 to 100 km / h.

3. The permissible blood alcohol content in a person driving a car is 0.5 promille.

4. In this country, the amount of income tax for natural persons is 30%, and for companies 29.5% (2018).

5. The tax on goods and services is 18% (2018).

6. In this country, men and women can get married at the age of 16.

7. In this country, a person under 18 years of age is subject to criminal liability.

8. In this country, the formalities related to the establishment of the company last 72 days.

9. The last death penalty was made in 1979.


Education in Peru

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1. In this country, compulsory education lasts 12 years.

2. The beginning of education begins at the age of 6.

3. The average IQ level is 85.

4. In this country there are 5.5% of people above 15 years of age who can not read or write (approximately 1,713,380 people).


Work in Peru

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1. The minimum wage is 750 new sol per month (data from 2012).

2. The amount of income tax in Peru is 30%.

3. The unemployment rate in 2018 is 6.2% .

4. In 2018, the average monthly salary in this country is 1 630 S /.

5. In this country, the amount of income tax for natural persons is 30%, and for companies 29.5% (2018).

6. In this country, the formalities related to the establishment of the company last 72 days.

7. The work week is 48 hours.


Best in Peru

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1. On the top of Mount Huascarán the smallest gravitational acceleration was recorded (9.7639).

2. The highest waterfall in Peru – the Gocta waterfall, located in the hard-to-reach corner of the Andes, was discovered only in 2002. It is 771 meters high.

3. Machu Picchu, the best preserved Inca city on 7 July 2007 was declared one of the seven wonders of the world.

4. Peru in the fishing industry is in the forefront, mainly due to the cool Peruvian Current along the coast, which brings abundance of marine fish.

5. In Peru, the world’s largest Potato Gene Bank was established, in which there are over 10,000 varieties of this plant.

6. La Rinconada is the highest city in the world. About 30,000 people live at an altitude of 5 100 m.

7. The most deadly disease in this country is HIV / AIDS.

8. El Peruano is the oldest newspaper in South America founded in Lima in 1825.

9. In the vicinity of Nazda is the highest dune in the world, measuring 1 176 m from the base.

10. In Chiclayo is the oldest grave of Lord Sipan in America.

11. The longest river is Ukajali with a length of 1928 km.

12. The highest peak is Huascarán, 6768 m above sea level.

13. The highest located city in the country is La Rinconada.

14. In Peru there are two deepest canyons in the world.

15. Lake Titicaca is the highest located lake in the world.

16. The lowest temperature: -25,2 °C was measured in Mazo Cruz.

17. The highest temperature: 39.6 °C was measured in Pucallpa.

18. In this country, traces of the oldest popcorn in the world were discovered from 4700 BC.


Army in Peru

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1. Position in the list of the best armies of the world:
2015 year – 58 place,
2018 > year – 41 place.

2. Number of soldiers:
2014 year – 120,000 professional and 270,000 reservists,
2018 year – 100 830 professional and 268 500 reservists.

3. Number of equipment:
2014 year – 85 tanks, 890 > armored vehicles, 220 jet aircraft and 73 helicopters,
2018 year – 85 tanks, 890 armored vehicles, 274 jet aircraft and 98 helicopters.

4. Army expenses:
2014 year – $ 2,500,000,000 (PLN 10,700,000,000),
2018 year – $ 2,560,000,000 (PLN 10,956,800,000).

5. The naval fleet …
– in 2014 there were about 20 ships, in 2018 it was about < strong style = "color: green;"> 20 ships.


Society in Peru

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1. 6 Peruvians have accumulated assets greater than a billion US dollars.

2. In Peru, an average person consumes about 8.1 liters of pure alcohol per year.

3. The most beer is beer – 47%, then spirit – 47%, and wine – 6%.

4. In 2013, 4,039 people lost their lives due to traffic accidents.

5. 13% of the population suffer from malnourishment (around 4 050 000 people).

6. 9.7% of the population live on less than 3 $a day.

7. The average IQ level is 85.

8. In this country, women having their first child on average 22.2 years old.

9. On average, a woman gives birth to 2.2 children.

10. In this country, over 16,000,000 (2015) 22 000 000 (2018) people have access to internet (about 70% of the population).

11. Around 14 800 000 (2015) 20,000,000 (2018) accounts on Facebook.

12. The population density is 25 people / km².

13. The main religion is Catholicism, 81%.

15. The average age of people living in this country is 27.3 years.

16. In this country there are approximately:
8 486 000 people (26.95%) in the age range 0-14 years.
20,792,000 people (66.03%) in the age range 15-64 years.
2,210,500 people (7.02%) over 65 years old.

17. In this country, about 576,000 children are born each year (1.8% of the population), and about 189,000 people die (0.6% of the population).

18. 188 people in 1000 possess firearms.

19. 74% of the country’s population lives in urban areas.

20. In this country an adult person smokes an average of 11 cigarettes a month.

21. The average life expectancy in this country is 73.2 years (women – 75.9 years and men – 70.6 years).


Symbols of Peru

1. National alcohol is Pisco.

2. The national animal is vicuña.

3. Motto of the country – “Strongly and happily for unity”.


Customs in Peru

1. According to the old tradition, the pair of young after marriage exchanges sandals.


Sport in Peru

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1. On May 24, 1964, in Lima, after the Peru – Argentina football match, there were riots in which 328 people were killed.


History of Peru

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1. In 1970, an earthquake caused an avalanche from Huascaran. which killed over 20,000 people.

2. On May 24, 1964, in Lima, after the Peru – Argentina football match, there were riots in which 328 people were killed.

3. The railway lines were built in the 19th century in order to easily transport raw materials extracted from the mines to the ports.

4. Polish engineer Ernest Malinowski built one of the highest railway lines in the world (4,749 m above sea level) connecting Lima and La Oroya-Cerro de Pasco.

5. Independence from Spain was obtained on July 28, 1821.

6. In this country, women have the right to vote since 1955.

7. He joined the United Nations on October 31, 1945.


Language in Peru

1. The name “Colgate” in Spanish means “I’m going to hang myself”.


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What is the highest peak in Peru?

The highest peak in Peru is Huascarán (6768 m above sea level).

answer: Marta


What is the largest river in Peru?

The largest river in Peru is Ukajali, 1,928 km.

answer: Marta


What Peru has national colors?

National colors: red and white.

answer: Marta


What is national alcohol?

National alcohol is Pisco.

answer: Marta


What is the national animal?

The national animal is vicuña.

answer: Marta


What is the national sport?

National sport is the Frontón Palette.

answer: Marta


Which countries borders Peru?

Peru borders with such countries as: Bolivia 1,075 km, Brazil 2,995 km, Chile 171 km, Colombia 1 800 km, Ecuador 1,420 km.

answer: Marta


What is the average age of people living in this country?

The average age of people living in this country is 27.3 years.

answer: Marta


What is the minimum wage?

The minimum wage is 750 new sol per month (data from 2012).

answer: Marta


What is the population density in Peru?

The population density is 25 people per km2.

answer: Marta


What is the motto of this country?

Motto of the country – “Strongly and happily for unity”.

answer: Marta


What is the highest temperature recorded in this country?

The highest temperature: 39.6 ° C was measured in Pucallpa.

answer: Marta


What is the lowest temperature recorded in this country?

The lowest temperature: -25,2 ° C was measured in Mazo Cruz.

answer: Marta


With how many years can you legally buy alcohol?

In this country, alcohol can be bought at the age of 18.

answer: Marta