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Mongolia facts - great collection of trivia.

Last update : 17 February 2019

Mongolia information

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Capital : Ulaanbaatar
Language :  Mongolian
Currency :  Tögrög
Population : 3 115 850
Area : 1 564 110 km2

Mongolia map

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Mongolia facts

1. Independence from the Manchu Qing Dynasty was obtained on December 29, 1911.
2. The population density is 1.7 people / km2.
3. The country is 5 times bigger than Poland.
4. The main religion is Tibetan Buddhism, 90%.
5. The longest river is Orchon Gol, 1124 km.
6. The average height of Mongolia is about 1 582 meters above sea level.
7. Political system – republic.
9. The highest peak is Chujten, 4374 m above sea level.
10. The average temperature is in January -20 °C, in July 16 °C.

11. There are on average 35 sheep per one inhabitant of Mongolia.

12. The three most popular sports are horse racing, archery and Mongolian wrestling.

13. There is the largest desert in Asia – the Gobi Desert.

14. It is the second largest inland country in the world, after Kazakhstan.

15. 30% of residents conduct a nomadic lifestyle.

16. In January, the temperature drops to -35 degrees Celsius.

Author: Turyst

17. The average life expectancy in this country is 67.3 years (women – 71.5 years and men – 63.4 years).

Author: Wilga

18. It is an exceptionally sunny country, sometimes more than 250 cloudless days a year.

19. 54 km from Ulaanbaatar, there is the world’s largest statue of a rider on a horse.

20. Mongolia has the oldest national park in the world (created in 1778).

21. Ulaanbaatar is the coldest capital in the world

Author: MR

22. Despite its inland location, Mongolia has many salt lakes.

23. The Gobi Desert was once a sea.

24. Dinosaur fossils still lie not secured in any way and are collected as souvenirs by tourists.

25. Roy Chapman Andrews made the first discovery of dinosaur eggs in the Gobi Desert.

26. In the Mongolian language, the verb is used at the end of the sentence.

27. Navaandorjiin Jadambaa in 1924 became the first president of Mongolia. His presidency lasted only one day.

Author: MR

28. Mongolian horse Takhi is the last wild horse in the world.

29. Mongol garbage trucks play melodies like ice cream trucks.

Author: MR

30. The Ulaanbaatar airport has a runway ending at the foot of the mountain. Therefore, planes can only land from one direction and start in this direction.

Author: Zbigniew Kulak

31. Due to the lack of landmarks – GPS outside cities is practically useless.

32. Dry air means that at -20 degrees hands remain warm without gloves.

Author: Zbigniew Kulak

33. Mongolia takes 86 place in the ranking of the best armies in the world.

34. There are over 10,270 professional soldiers and 140,000 reservists (2018).

35. Number of equipment:
2018 year – 420 tanks, 640 armored vehicles, 9 jet aircraft and 6 helicopters.

36. More than 70,000,000 dollars were allocated to the army in 2018.

Author: Wojak

37. The minimum wage is 192,000 tugrik per month (data from 2013).

38. The amount of income tax in Mongolia is 10%.

39. The unemployment rate in 2018 is 7.5% .

Author: Daria

40. In Mongolia, an average person consumes about 6.9 liters of pure alcohol per year.

41. The most drinks are spirit – 70%, then beer – 27%, and wine – 3%.

Author: AlkoWorld

42. In this country, compulsory education lasts 9 years.

43. The beginning of education begins at the age of 6.

44. The average IQ level is 101.

Author: EduKacJa

45. In this country there are 1.6% of people above 15 years of age who can not read or write (approximately 48 930 people).

Author: Reebeka

46. Built-up speed allowed 60 km / h.

47. Outside built-up areas, the speed limit on the normal road ranges from 70 to 110 km / h, and on motorways 130 km / h.

48. The permissible blood alcohol content in a person driving a car is 0.4 per mille.

49. In 2013, 579 people lost their lives as a result of traffic accidents.

50. 20.2% of fatal accidents caused people under the influence of alcohol.

Author: AutoMania

51. In this country there are over 675,000 motor vehicles registered (221 vehicles per 1,000 inhabitants).

Author: AutoMania

52. 29% of the population suffer from malnourishment (around 890,000 people).

53. 3.9% of the population live on less than 3 $a day.

Author: Durga

54. In this country there are more than 44 359 km of paved roads (0.07% of all roads in the world).

55. In this country there are 44 airports, 15 of the paved surface.

56. In this country there are over 1,908 km of railway tracks.

Author: Marlène

57. In a country that has more than 1 300 000 (2015) 2,000,000 (2018) people have access to internet (about 65% of the population).

Author: NET

58. Around 1 126 000 (2015) 1,900,000 (2018) accounts on Facebook.

Author: NET

59. The country’s top-level domain is .mn . There are over 14,240 websites with such an extension.

60. The most popular pages with the extension .mn are: google.mn, news.mn and artclub.mn.

Author: http

61. The country has 2018 over year $3 256 000 000 of foreign exchange reserves (0.012% of foreign reserves of all countries in the world).

Author: Vinamra

62. Gross Domestic Product (GDP) …
      – in 2015 the year is $12 222 000 000 ,
      – in 2018 the year is $11,490,000,000 .

63. Internal debt at the beginning …
      – 2015 year was 51.7% GDP, or around: $6,318,774.000 ,
      – 2018 of the year was 79.4% GDP, or around: $9 123 060 000 . To pay it off, each citizen would have to give around $2,983.

Author: Komornik

64. The foreign debt at the beginning of 2015 of the year was around: $16 800 000 000 .

Author: Komornik

65. In this country an adult person smokes an average of 46 cigarettes a month.

Author: VViki

66. The lowest temperature: -56 °C was measured at Uvs Lake.

67. The highest temperature: 44 °C was measured in Khongor.

Author: weather

68. The most deadly disease in this country is heart failure.

Author: medi

69. In this country, men and women can get married at the age of 18.

70. In this country, women having their first child on average 20.5 years old.

71. 10 women give birth to 22 children on average

Author: Nadia

72. The average age of people living in this country is 27.5 years old.

73. The country is around:
825 000 people (26.87%) in the age range 0-14 years.
2 119 000 people (69.02%) in the age range 15-64 years.
126 200 people (4.11%) over 65 years old.

74. In this country, about 62,200 children are born each year (2.0% of the population), and about 19,500 people die (0.6% of the population).

Author: Sara19

75. The lowest located place in the country is Hoh Nuur – 560 m above sea level.

Author: Klemens

76. In Mongolia there are 1140000 km2 of agricultural land (73% of the country).

77. 19 people out of 1000 possess firearms.

78. The highest located city in the country is Altai.

79. In this country, the formalities associated with setting up a business last 20 days.

80. He joined the United Nations on October 27, 1961.

81. The work week is 40 hours.

82. 57% of the country’s population lives in urban areas.

83. 100868 km2 of the country is covered with forests (6.5%)

84. The last death penalty was carried out in 2008.

Author: Statyk

85. In this country, the amount of income tax for individuals is 10%, and for companies 25% (2018).

86. The tax on goods and services is 10% (2018).

Author: Fan%

87. The level of inflation in 2018 is 7.7%.

Author: Fan%

88. Mongolia has 3,600 kg of gold reserves (2018).

Author: Vinamra

89. In 2018, the average monthly salary in this country is 998,000 ₮.

Author: Daria

What is the highest peak in Mongolia?
The highest peak in Mongolia is Chujten (4374 m above sea level).

answer: Marta

What is the largest river in Mongolia?
The largest river in Mongolia is Orchon Gol, 1124 km.

answer: Marta

What is the largest lake in Mongolia?
we’re waiting for a response …


What is the national dish?
we’re waiting for a response …


What Mongolia has national colors?
National colors: blue, red and yellow.

answer: Marta

What is national alcohol?
we’re waiting for a response …


What is the national animal?
we’re waiting for a response …


What is the national sport?
National sport is archery, horse racing and Mongolian wrestling.

answer: Marta

Which countries borders Mongolia?
Mongolia borders with such countries as: China 4,677 km, Russia 3,543 km.

answer: Marta

What is the average age of people living in this country?
The average age of people living in this country is 27.5 years.

answer: Marta

What is the minimum wage?
The minimum wage is 192,000 tugrik per month (data from 2013).

answer: Marta

What is the population density in Mongolia?
The population density is 2 people per km2.

answer: Marta

What is the motto of this country?
we’re waiting for a response …


What is the highest temperature recorded in this country?
The highest temperature: 44 ° C was measured in Khongor.

answer: Marta

What is the lowest temperature recorded in this country?
The lowest temperature: -56 ° C was measured at Uvs Lake.

answer: Marta

With how many years can you legally buy alcohol?
In this country, alcohol can be bought at the age of 18.

answer: Marta