Mars is the 4th planet from the Sun in the Solar System.
Its name comes from the name of the Roman god of war – Mars.
It is a rocky planet.
Mars interesting facts
1. Mars rotates around its own axis within 24 hours, 37 minutes and 22 seconds.
2. On Mars there is the highest mountain in the Solar System – Mount Olympus. It is an extinct shield volcano, about 26 km high.
3. The diameter of Mount Olympus at the base is 624 km.
4. Standing on the top of Mount Olympus, you can not see its foot, because it is beyond the horizon.
5. There are no tectonic plates on Mars.
6. On Mars there is the largest canyon in the Solar System – Valles Marineris, which is 5,000 km long, 200 km wide and 11 km deep.
7. Geological research of unmanned missions suggests that a significant part of Mars was covered with water.
8. On September 28, 2015, she reported that she had evidence of salt water in the liquid state. During the summer, they observed flowing water from canyon slopes.
9. Mars has two moons: Deimos and Phobos. They were discovered in August 1877.
10. On the surface of Mars, 43 craters with a diameter of at least 5 km were found.
11. The largest crater on Mars is Hellas Planitia with a diameter of 2100 km and a depth of 9 km.
12. The Hellas Planitia crater is clearly visible from the Earth.
13. The average atmospheric pressure on Mars is 600 Pa, which is less than 1% of the pressure on Earth.
14. The atmosphere of Mars contains 95% carbon dioxide.
15. In winter, the temperature drops to around -133 ° C in the poles, and in the summer at the equator it rises to around 27 ° C.
16. Very large temperature fluctuations can be observed on Mars. During the day it can be 20 ° C and at night -90 ° C.
17. On Mars there are the largest sandstorms in the Solar System. The wind speed is up to 300 km / h.
18. Mars is located 230 million kilometers from the Sloniec.
19. The Martian year lasts for 687 earth days.
20. On August 27, 2003, the largest approximation of Mars and Earth took place in the last 60,000 years. The distance was 55 758 006 km.
21. It is assumed that a man will put his foot on Mars in 2030 – 2035.
22. Moon Mars, Phobos has the shape of a potato, and its diameter is only 27 km. It is 130 times less than the Earth’s Moon.
23. Behind Mars stretches a magnetic tail that is invisible to the naked eye.
24. In the Martian air, the oxygen content is 0.15%.
25. In the United Arab Emirates, Mars City is created, a place that realistically simulates Martian conditions.
26. You can buy a candy bar and cigarettes called Mars.
27. The largest craters (over 60 km in diameter) are called surnames of scientists and science fiction authors.
28. On Mars there are craters with the names of Polish cities: Grójec, Puławy, Punsk and Rypin.
29. The lander of the Soviet mission Mars 3, December 2, 1971 at 13:49, landed on the surface of Mars and sent the first photo to Earth.
30. On the day when the Egyptian city of Cairo was founded, the planet Mars appeared in the sky. That’s where its name comes from, in Arabic Cairo is Al-Qahirah, which means “Mars”.
31. A person weighing 70 kg on Earth, weighing 27 kg on Mars.
32. In Japanese, the day of the week Tuesday means the name of the planet Mars.
33. The Curiosity rover carried out a soil test on Mars and confirmed that there is water in it. In every kilogram of Mars you can find 20 ml of water.
34. Using the Google map, you can see the surface of the planet Mars.
35. All images taken from the surface of Mars come from American probes.
36. On July 14, 1965, the American spacecraft Mariner 4 flew past Mars and took the first photo of its surface.
37. On November 13, 1971, the first probe was placed in Mars orbit.
38. 1 gram of the Martian meteorite Jiddat al. Harasis 479 costs 1000 dollars.
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Why is Mars called the name of the god of war?
Because watching Mars from Earth seems to have a rust-red color, which is associated with blood spilled during wars.
Why is Mars a red planet?
The red hue gives it iron oxides on its surface.
Can Mars be seen from Earth with the naked eye?
Mars is easy to see from Earth with the naked eye. In the night sky, the only bright spots are the Sun, the Moon, Jupiter and Venus.
What are the requirements to be able to take part in a manned mission to Mars?
An increase of 155-188 cm is required, adulthood, good physical fitness and health, perfect eyesight, no mental disorders, and the ability to solve problems.
When was the planet Mars discovered?
This planet was known in ancient times. The name of its discoverer is unknown.