Malaria is a tropical parasitic disease caused by single-celled protozoa of the genus Plasmodium.
It is the most common infectious disease in the world.
Malaria interesting facts
1. Annually, over 220 million people suffer from malaria. Between 1 and 3 million of those infected die, mainly children under the age of 5 living in sub-Saharan Africa.
2. Over a billion people worldwide are in close contact with malaria.
3. Malaria is spread by about 80 species of Anopheles mosquitoes.
4. The ideal conditions for spreading malaria are temperatures of 16-33 ° C and average air humidity in excess of 60%.
5. Children up to 5 years of age and pregnant women are at high risk of serious complications.
6. Over $ 2.5 billion is spent annually on the fight against malaria.
7. 90% of malaria cases occur in Africa.
8. In Poland there is a mosquito midge (gray-brown with black spots on the wings) that transmits malaria. It does not pose a risk, however, because the temperate climate prevents the germs responsible for malaria from developing.
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Where can you catch malaria?
Malaria is found in over 100 countries located in tropical and subtropical zones.
Can you catch malaria outside tropical and subtropical regions?
There is a slight chance of contracting an infection near airports and ports where a mosquito that carries malaria may pass through travelers.
Only mosquitoes can spread malaria?
Yes, only mosquitoes.
Can European mosquitoes spread malaria?
It is too cold in Europe for malaria to develop.
How long does it take for malaria symptoms to appear?
Most often from 8 to 25 days.
Can you catch malaria from someone else?
It is not possible. Malaria is not contagious.