Hypertension is a disease of the blood circulation system that manifests itself with periodic or constantly increased blood pressure (systolic and diastolic).
Since 2003, +140 for systolic pressure and +90 for diastolic pressure are considered to be hypertension.
Hypertension interesting facts
1. The cause of arterial hypertension is not fully understood. Over 90% of cases are spontaneous.
2. The number of people suffering from hypertension is constantly growing. It is estimated that in 2025 this problem will affect over 1.5 billion people worldwide.
3. In the second stage of arterial hypertension (systolic: 160-179 and diastolic: 100-109), left ventricular hypertrophy may occur. In the third stage, it can damage the heart, kidneys, brain, and eyes.
4. It is estimated that every 10 kg of excess weight increases blood pressure by 2-5 mm Hg of systolic pressure and 1-3 mm HG of diastolic pressure.
5. By reducing your daily salt intake by 3 grams, you can lower your systolic blood pressure by 4-6 mm Hg.
6. Eating potassium and magnesium can significantly lower blood pressure.
7. Only 1/4 of adults with hypertension decide to change their lifestyle.
8. Men are more likely to have a problem with hypertension. This may be because you are more prone to an unhealthy lifestyle.
9. People subjected to long-term stress very often have a problem with arterial hypertension.
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How is the classification of arterial hypertension?
According to the ESH / ESC classification (systolic and diastolic pressure in brackets)
- normal pressure (120-129 and 80-84)
- high normal pressure (130-139 and 85 -89)
- grade 1 hypertension (140-159 and 90-99)
- grade 2 hypertension (160-179 and 100-109)
- grade hypertension 3 (+180 and +110)
- isolated systolic hypertension (+140 and -90)
What are the major complications of high blood pressure?
Hypertension can lead to chronic renal failure, heart attack, ischemic stroke.
How to prevent high blood pressure?
The most important is to change the lifestyle, reduce body weight in overweight people, a healthy, properly balanced diet, avoiding alcohol and stimulants, limiting salt and fats, increasing physical activity.
What are the most common causes of high blood pressure?
- chronic kidney disease
- thyroid problems
What are the symptoms of high blood pressure?
- blurry image,
- chest pain,
- nausea or vomiting ,
- shortness of breath,
- numbness in arms, legs, face
- anxiety, fatigue, or restlessness.