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Horse

Last actualisation: April 4, 2019

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Horse information

The horse is an equine mammal.

The horse’s scientific name is: Equus caballus.

Horse facts
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Horse facts

1. The horse was domesticated in Kazakhstan for about 3,500 years BC.

2. It is the most popular draft animal.

3. Wałach is a castrated male.

4. The stallions are mainly bred for breeding.

5. The horses are constantly growing their teeth about 4mm per year, they are systematically rubbed about 2 mm per year by grinding food with teeth.

Author: Paulina

6. Through the number of teeth, their condition and shape, we are able to determine the age of the horse.

7. Colts have 24 milk teeth.

Author: Paulina

8. The construction and arrangement of the horse’s stomach prevents him from vomiting.

9. Przewalski’s horse is the only race of a horse that has not been domesticated.

10. The male horse is called a stallion, and the female mare.

Author: Heron

11. The horse can walk and run a few hours after birth.

12. The oldest horse – Old Billy lived 62 years.

Author: Adela

13. The horse, in a moment of gallop, has all legs in the air.

14. By placing the eyes on the sides, the horse can see the area at an angle of over 300 degrees.

15. The horse’s brain is 2 times smaller than the human one.

Author: LM

16. Horse teeth take up more space in the head than the brain.

17. The horse’s skeleton consists of 205 bones.

18. Horses can sleep standing up.

Author: Abc

19. Around 60 million horses live in the world.

20. In 2003, the horse was cloned for the first time in Italy.

21. Araby is the oldest preserved race of horses in the world. It appeared about 4,500 years ago.

Author: Dosia

22. The smallest pony in the world was Einstein. He was 35.5 cm tall and weighed 2.7 kg.

23. The highest horse in the world – Big Jake is 210.2 cm tall.

Author: Kapsel

24. The largest shire horse ever in the 19th century was 230 cm tall at the shoulder and weighed 1.5 tons.

25. American Pharoah, who has won many prestigious races many times, can fertilize some mare for only 200,000 dollars. Owners in this business earn over USD 30 million annually.

Author: magnez

26. Napoleon Vazir’s horse has been stuffed and stands in the Army Museum in Paris.

27. The Curly American living in North America has a curly fur.

28. The horse has one bone less than a human (205).

29. Lee Pearson, who has won the gold medal of the Paralympic Games in dressage 10 times, is allergic to horses.

Author: GreenTea

30. An adult horse to function normally only needs 3 hours of sleep per day.

Author: Alicja

31. The horse can reach 15 horsepower for a short time during a gallop.

32. Horses do not have a gall bladder.

Author: Alicja

33. The Fallabella pony is the smallest breed of ponies.

Author: Kitty 

34. Horse riding is 28 times more dangerous than using ecstasy.

Author: Horsikowa 

Horse questions

What are the Polish horse breeds?
Polish horse breeds are: Polish horse, Hutsul breed, Lesser Poland breed, Greater Poland breed, Silesian breed, Feliński pony, Polish half-bred horse and Polish Cold-blooded horse.

Answer: Paulina

What are the horse definitions?
The horse’s definitions at various stages of life are: sysak – up to 6 months of age, mainly mother’s milk, offal – horse disconnected from mares, foal – horse under one year old, mares – female horse from 1-3 years old, colt-horse simulation from 1-3 years of age, mare, mare – female over 3 years old, stallion – male horse over 3 years old.

Answer: Paulina

What are the horse's gaits?
One can distinguish several types of horse’s gait: walk – the horse puts the legs in the order left rear, left front, back right, front right; trotting horse puts two legs diagonally; gallop – first the hind leg, then two legs diagonally, then the front one; gallop – left rear, right rear, left front, right front or vice versa.

Answer: Paulina

How many teeth does a horse have?
Mares do not have fangs, so the number of their teeth is 36. And the horse has 40 teeth.

Answer: Paulina

How old does a horse live?
Horses live an average of 25-30 years.

Answer: LM

How long does the pregnancy last?
Pregnancy horses take about 11-12 months.

Answer: LM

How much does a horse weigh?
An adult horse weighs 380 to 1000 kg.

Answer: LM

How fast can a horse run?
The galloping horse can reach speeds of about 48 km / h.

Answer: LM

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